Machine Learning Application Approval – EASA – AIRBUS PROTECT – LNE – NUMALIS
Following a call for tender, the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) has launched the ‘Machine Learning Application Approval (MLEAP)’ research project. For the implementation of the research project, funded from the European Union’s Horizon Europe research and innovation program, EASA selected APSYS who will work in partnership with LNE & NUMALIS to implement the MLEAP project. Today AIRBUS PROTECT remains the project leader for the 2 next years.
The research objectives and expected outcome
The project deals with the approval of machine learning (ML) technology for systems intended for use in safety-related applications in all domains covered by the EASA Basic Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2018/1139).
Data-driven learning techniques are a major opportunity for the aviation industry but come also with a significant number of challenges with respect to the trustworthiness of ML and deep learning (DL) solutions.
EASA published its Artificial Intelligence Roadmap in February 2020, followed by a first major deliverable, a Concept Paper ‘First usable guidance for level 1 machine learning applications’ in April 2021. This concept paper lays down the basis of EASA future guidance for ML applications approval and identifies a number of areas in which further research is necessary to identify efficient and practicable means of compliance with the defined ‘AI trustworthiness’ objectives.
The intended short-term effect of this project will be to streamline the certification and approval processes by identifying concrete means of compliance with the learning assurance objectives of the EASA guidance for ML applications (levels 1, 2 and 3 as defined in the EASA AI Roadmap), with a specific focus on Level 1B and Level 2.
The achieved medium-term effect of the project will be to alleviate some remaining limitations on the acceptance of ML applications in safety-critical applications.
The requested output
The research results will be a set of reports identifying a set of methods and tools to address the following three important topics:
- Guarantees on ‘machine learning model generalisation’
- Guarantees on ‘Data completeness and representativeness’
- Guarantees on algorithm and model robustness
Along with the project, at least one real-scale aviation use case will be used and tested to demonstrate the effectivity and usability of the proposed methods and tools. To demonstrate the relevance, the reliability and the robustness of these tools, some software and hardware environment assessments will be processed.
For more information about the project
Information on the progress of this research project will be published on EASA’s MLEAP project page.